The United Nations Summit on Biodiversity happened on 30th September, with the world’s leaders discussing solutions for species conservation and sustainability. During the event, leading politicians highlighted their countries’ efforts to support biodiversity. However, reports suggest that most nations are not fully committed to preventing extinction.
Leading Conservation Efforts
The world’s leading nations expressed their commitment to prevent more species from going extinct. Xi Jinping called for greater global cooperation on conservation, a week after he announced China’s plans to go carbon neutral by 2060. Boris Johnson pledged that the United Kingdom would increase its protected land to 30% by 2030, along with 65 other leaders who made commitments to conservation by the same deadline. Speeches from a range of countries showed the world’s interest in protecting biodiversity together, raising hopes that a long-term solution could be found.
However, despite many nations’ speeches claiming their full commitment to species conservation, their actions showed otherwise. Before the summit, a UN report showed that the world did not achieve any of the 20 biodiversity targets set in 2010. Despite the UK’s lofty promises, it failed to meet 17 targets, and even regressed on 6 targets. China’s continued failure to shut down its wildlife markets, which were previously responsible for the SARS outbreak, caused nations to question its commitment to ending illegal wildlife trade. Based on the world’s track record, there is reason to doubt that the most recent round of pledges will amount to concrete results.
However, despite such negative news, the environment has appeared to make some recovery during the lockdown, with decreased pollution and cleaner air. As many people are experiencing the benefits of a greener world, experts are using this opportunity to advocate for measures to preserve species and slow down global warming. If nations are genuinely committed to implementing environmental measures, they can reduce the devastating effects of climate change before it is too late.